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Customs and Excise : Trade, Production and Consumption in England 1640-1845 ebook
Customs and Excise : Trade, Production and Consumption in England 1640-1845 ebook

Customs and Excise : Trade, Production and Consumption in England 1640-1845 by Lecturer in History William J Ashworth
Customs and Excise : Trade, Production and Consumption in England 1640-1845
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Author: Lecturer in History William J Ashworth
Number of Pages: 412 pages
Published Date: 09 Oct 2003
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication Country: Oxford, United Kingdom
Language: English
ISBN: 9780199259212
Download Link: Customs and Excise Trade, Production and Consumption in England 1640-1845
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Asis book traces the growth of customs and excise, and their integral role in shaping the framework of industrial England; including state power, technical advance, and the evolution of a consumer society. Central to this structure was the development of two economies - one legal and one illicit. If there was a unique English pathway of industrialization, it was less a distinct entrepreneurial and techno-centric culture, than one predominantly defined within an institutional framework spearheaded by the excise and a wall of tariffs. This process reached its peak by the end of the 1770s. The structure then quickly started to crumble under the weight of the fiscal-military state, and Pitt's calculated policy of concentrating industrial policy around cotton, potteries, and iron - at the expense of other taxed industries. The breakthrough of the new political economy was the erosion of the illicit economy; the smugglers' free trade now became the state's most powerful weapon in the war against non-legal trade. If at the beginning of the period covered by this book state administration was predominantly deregulated and industry regulated, by the close the reverse was the case.

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